We’ve rounded up some of Pyramind’s most helpful mixing and mastering tutorials for producers struggling to give their songs more depth and punch. First, we need to get an important question out of the way: What’s the difference between mixing and mastering?
Mixing and mastering are often thought of as a single process, one in the same. Although they compliment each other, they are entirely different procedures that require radically different approaches.
Mixing affects all of the individual tracks within a song - it happens before mastering. It involves balancing volume levels, boosting or reducing certain frequencies on individual tracks, automation, panning, and adding various audio effects.
One of the most important rules to keep in mind as you mix a song is to watch your master meter. If you mix everything too loudly, your mastering engineer won’t have any room to master the song. A good general rule to follow is to not let the volume of your final mixdown go above -6dB to -3dB. If your song is too loud, make sure you turn down individual tracks in your project, not the master fader. Ask your mastering engineer what they recommend as a volume limit for your mix.
Another general rule of thumb is to avoid putting a compressor or limiter on your master output. Many mastering engineers prefer the master output channel to have as little signal processing as possible. Do your best on each channel strip to tame your sounds and get them where you want during your mix. Then move on to mastering.
Mastering happens after mixing. It can be thought of as the final step in your production process. A mastering engineer might use similar effects that are used in mixing - EQs, compressors etc. - but the effects are applied to a single stereo audio file - the final mix of your song.
“It’s not about the plugin, it’s about what you do with it” - Matt Donner, Pyramind CAO
Although many mastering engineers use hardware effects, it is possible to achieve a great sounding master - all within your DAW of choice. The concepts in the videos below can be applied in any DAW, and are designed to be helpful to even the most amateur bedroom producer.
Ableton Live Mixing Tips | Liam Shy | Parts 1 & 2
Pyramind instructor Liam Shy gives you his “number-one-must-do-every-time” mixing tips.
Mixing Tutorial | Compression or EQ first?
Matt Donner tackles the age-old question: What comes first - Compression or EQ? Mastering engineers tend to differ on this question, and this tutorial will help you decide what’s right for you.
Mastering with iZotope Ozone 7 | New Features
iZotope product specialist Brandon Carroll walks us through Ozone 7, a widely used mastering tool that can be used as a DAW plugin or separately as a standalone application.
Mastering in Ableton Live | Mac Vaughn
Mastering engineer and techno producer Mac Vaughn goes over each device in his personal mastering chain in Ableton Live.
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